Git is a distributed version control system that tracks changes in files and directories and allows users to collaborate on them. It was created by Linus Torvalds in 2005 and became very popular due to its speed, reliability, and flexibility. Git allows users to create and manage branches, merge changes, and roll back to previous versions. It also provides a way to synchronize changes made by different team members and keep everyone informed about the latest updates. With the help of Git, developers can work together on complex projects and easily keep track of changes and versions.
Here are some commonly used Git commands:
git init: initializes a new Git repository.
git clone <repository-url>: create a local copy of a Git repository on your computer.
git add <filename>: adds a specific file to the staging area. To add all files use
git add .
git commit -m "commit message": commit the changes with a message describing the changes made.
git status: display the current state of the repository (i.e., what changes have been made, what’s in the staging area, etc.)
git log: view the commit history of the repository.
git branch: display the list of branches in the repository.
git checkout <branch-name>: switch to a different branch.
git pull: fetch and merge changes from a remote repository.
git push: upload local changes to a remote repository.
These are just some of the commonly used Git commands. There are many more commands available, and their usage depends on the specific use case.